In recent days, dozens of women have gone public with allegations of sexual harassment by powerful men in Hollywood and news networks. Increasingly, companies are exercising a zero-tolerance policy and firing male directors, actors, and anchors, as was the case with NBC in last week’s firing of Matt Lauer. The whole thing got us thinking: what would happen if claims of disability harassment and disability discrimination were treated as severely as sexual harassment is now being treated?
What is the difference between disability harassment and disability discrimination?
Disability harassment is defined as a range of negative behaviors including, but not limited to, abusive jokes, crude name-calling, threats, and sexual and physical assault. Harassment of any kind fosters a hostile environment that severely restricts a disabled adult or child’s ability to perform or function. This letter from the United States Department of Education outlines what disability harassment might look like in a classroom setting.
- A school administrator repeatedly denies a student with a disability access to lunch, field trips, assemblies, and extracurricular activities as punishment for taking time off from school for reasons related to the student’s disability.
- Several students continually remark out loud to other students during class that a student with dyslexia is “retarded” or “deaf and dumb” and does not belong in the class; as a result, the harassed student has difficulty doing work in class and her grades decline.
- A student repeatedly places classroom furniture or other objects in the path of classmates who use wheelchairs, impeding the classmates’ ability to enter the classroom.
Disability discrimination is separated into indirect and direct discrimination. An example of direct discrimination is a business refusing a person entry because they are blind and require assistance by a service dog. Indirect discrimination would be that same business not having an entrance ramp so that someone in a wheelchair is unable to access the building.
Discrimination and harassment stories are all over the internet. Here’s an example from The Guardian that was published this week.